This assignment is intended to get you thinking more comprehensively about the analytic terms we are using in this course—thinking more like social scientists.
Choose a definition of identity. There are several easily available: Eriksen, Nagel, and Wade discuss it (looking in a book's index is a great time saver). Then compare Gladney's case study with one or two examples of ethnic and/or national identity1 chosen by you. Keep in mind that both individual identity and collective identity will be involved. You may choose your other case/s from the course reading (e.g., Nagel).
First, briefly describe your two or three cases with respect to identity. Then compare them: what are the similarities between the two or three identities? Differences? Then briefly describe one or two historical factors that produced the current situation.
If relevant, you may discuss how legislation and state policy contributed to the institutionalization and, in some cases, creation, of identity in the one or two cases you've chosen—as happened with the Hui. Gladney refers to this process as ethnogenesis. He cites anthropologist Bernard Cohn (1987), who suggests that legal statuses can lead to the objectification and, in some cases, creation, of identities—perhaps previously present but loosely defined (Gladney, p. 159).
Or you may find that your case(s) provide an example where ethnic/national conflict helped create, strengthen or weaken the identity. Eriksen provides other kinds of explanations for ethnic/national identity formation that might be useful in your analysis of your cases.
Depending on the sources you choose, you may also find it useful to discuss how your authors differ in their analyses and explanations.
Please see the "Rules of Thumb" and "Helpful points for written assignments" under the "General" category at the class site, and take them seriously.
Important: do not write in terms of "shoulds" or "oughts." Think in terms of describing and analyzing what is—what exists. If you have opinions, tell the reader about them only in the last paragraph.
You must back up everything you say with evidence. Do not make unsupported assertions. If you are not clear about what this means, even after reading the "Rules of Thumb" and "Helpful Points," then ask me or or Nora Delaney, our Writing Advisor.
A note on sources: scholarly literature on whatever case(s) you choose is easily available. One or two books will provide enough information, or consult with reference librarians about using social science research engines to help you find journal articles. You may include encyclopedia, magazine, and newspaper sources. Some of these will be biased; you may still use them, just provide a brief comment about why you think what the author says is more opinion than fact. All sources must be fully cited; please review the section in the course syllabus on plagiarism.
If you have trouble choosing your case(s), consult the articles under "supplemental reading" for inspiration. You can also send me an e-mail.
This is a 7-page (or more) assignment, so obviously you cannot provide a comprehensive discussion of your two or three cases. Your analysis will be partial, which is fine; the main purpose of this assignment is to get you to understand processes of ethnic and/or national identity formation more deeply.
7 or more+ pages