This section outlines reading assignments for the course along with suggestions for final project research.
[KD] = Dettwyler, Katherine. Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa. Waveland Pr Inc, 1993. ISBN: 9780881337488.
|1||Introduction to course and history of the culture concept||
Govindarajan, Vijay. "The $300 House: A Hands-On Lab for Reverse Innovation?" Harvard Business Review Blog Network, August 26, 2010.
Echanove, Matias, and Rahul Srivastava. "Hands Off Our Houses," New York Times, May 31, 2011.
|Part 1: Understanding Culture: Method|
|2||Ethnography and the problem of kinship||Hart, Charles William Merton, Arnold R. Pilling, and Jane C. Goodale. Chapters 1 and 3 in The Tiwi of North Australia. Harcourt College Pub, 1987. ISBN: 9780030120190.|
|3||How to take and interpret a genealogy||
Hart, Charles William Merton, Arnold R. Pilling, and Jane C. Goodale. Chapter 8 in The Tiwi of North Australia. Harcourt College Pub, 1987. ISBN: 9780030120190.
Gusterson, Hugh. "Ethnographic Research." In Qualitative Methods in International Relations: A Pluralist Guide. Edited by Audie Klotz and Deepa Prakash. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. ISBN: 9780230542396.
|4||Culture and change||View in class: Joe Leahy's Neighbors. Directed by Bob Connolly. Color, 90 min. 1989.|
|5||Cross-cultural communication: interviewing technique||
pp. 1–58 in [KD].
Fife, Wayne. "Interviewing." In Doing Fieldwork: Ethnographic Methods for Research in Developing Countries and Beyond. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 93–106. ISBN: 9781403969095.
|6||Cross-cultural communication: translators and culture brokers||
pp. 59–130 in [KD].
Geurts, Kathryn . "An Anthropological Experiment: From the Cutting Room Floor." Sensate (2011). Retrieved from
|7||Participant-observation and ethical dilemmas in fieldwork||
pp. 131–64 in [KD].
Take the CITI human subjects training module for social and behavioral research before class. Supplementary modules on informed consent and international research are also available.
Spradley, James. "Doing Participant-Observation." In Participant Observation. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980, pp. 53–62. ISBN: 9780030445019.
|8||Interpreting qualitative data||
Stephens, David. "Analysing the Data: Finding the Meanings." Chapter 6 in Qualitative Research in International Settings: A Practical Guide. Routledge, 2009, pp. 98–114. ISBN: 9780415280570.
Cowan, Jane. "Going Out for Coffee?" In Contested Identities: Gender and Kinship in Modern Greece. Princeton University Press, 1991, pp. 180–202. ISBN: 9780691028590. [Preview with Google Books]
Maternowska, Catherine. "A Clinic in Conflict: A Political Economy Case Study of Family Planning in Haiti." In Contraception Across Cultures: Technologies, Choices, Constraints. Edited by Andrew Russell, et al. Berg Publishers, 2000, pp. 103–26. ISBN: 9781859733813.
|9||The importance of popular knowledge||
Pigg, Stacy Leigh. "The Credible and the Credulous: The Question of "Villagers' Beliefs" in Nepal." Cultural Anthropology 11, no. 2 (1996): 160–201.
Harvey, T. S. "Maya Mobile Medicine in Guatemala: The "Other" Public Health." Medical Anthropology Quarterly 25, no. 1 (2011): 47–69.
|10||Accessing popular knowledge||
Walley, Christine. ""They Scorn Us Because We Are Uneducated": Knowledge and Power in a Tanzanian Marine Park." Ethnography 3, no. 3 (2002): 265–98.
Leach, Melissa, and James Fairhead. "Manners of Contestation: "Citizen Science" and "Indigenous Knowledge" in West Africa and the Caribbean." International Social Science Journal 54, no. 173 (2002): 299–311.
|11||Case study: agriculture in the wake of the Green Revolution||
Gupta, Akhil. ""Indigenous" Knowledges: Ecology." In Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India. Duke University Press, 1998, pp. 234–90. ISBN: 9780822322139.
Davidson, Joanna. "Cultivating Knowledge: Development, Dissemblance, and Discursive Contradictions among the Diola of Guinea-Bissau." American Ethnologist 37, no. 2 (2010): 212–26.
|12||Case study: delivering public health||
View in class: Delivering the Goods. Selections from RX For Survival: A Global Health Challenge. Directed by Matthew Bonifacio. 84 min. 2012.
Silberschmidt, Margrethe. "Disempowerment of Men in Rural and Urban East Africa: Implications for Male Identity and Sexual Behavior." World Development 29, no. 4 (2001): 657–71.
|Part 2: Taking Culture into Account: Planning|
|13||What does it mean to value labor?||
Humphreys, Rachel. "Skilled Craftswomen or Cheap Labour? Craft-based NGO Projects as an Alternative to Female Urban Migration in Northern Thailand." Gender and Development 7, no. 2 (1999): 56–63.
Dolan, Catherine S. "Gender and Witchcraft in Agrarian Transition: The Case of Kenyan Horticulture." Development and Change 33, no. 4 (2002): 659–81.
|14||Microfinance vs. fair trade||
Young, Stephen. "The 'Moral Hazards' of Microfinance: Restructuring Rural Credit in India." Antipode 42, no. 1 (2010): 201–23."
Blowfield, Michael E., and Catherine Dolan. "Fairtrade Facts and Fancies: What Kenyan Fairtrade Tea Tells us About Business' Role as Development Agent." Journal of Business Ethics 93, no. 2 (2010): 143–62.
|15||Workshop on Gender, Technology and Development|
|16||What is transferred in technology transfer?||
Anderson, Mary B. "Technology Transfer: Implications for Women." In Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book. Edited by Catherine Overholt, Mary B. Anderson, Kathleen Cloud, and James Austin. Kumarian Press, 1985, pp. 57–78. ISBN: 9780931816154.
Kline, Ronald. "Resisting Consumer Technology in Rural America: The Telephone and Electrification." In How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technology. Edited by Nelly Oudshoorn and Trevor Pinch. MIT Press, 2003, pp. 51–66. ISBN: 9780262151078.
|17||Case studies in technology transfer: treatment intervention v. health promotion||
Nations, Marylin, and Linda-Anne Rebhun. "Mystification of a Simple Solution: Oral Rehydration Therapy in Northeast Brazil." Social Science & Medicine 27, no. 1 (1988): 25–38.
Kayombo, Edmund, et al. "Experience of Initiating Collaboration of Traditional Healers in Managing HIV and AIDS in Tanzania." Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3, no. 6 (2007).
|18||In-class practicum on public health promotion: how to design a (flexible) safe sex campaign, for a variety of potential users?||
Wardlow, Holly. "Anger, Economy, and Female Agency: Problematizing 'Prostitution' and 'Sex Work' among the Huli of Papua New Guinea." Signs 29, no. 4 (2004): 1017–40.
———. "Giving Birth to Gonolia: "Culture" and Sexually Transmitted Disease among the Huli of Papua New Guinea." Medical Anthropology Quarterly 16, no. 2 (2002): 151–75.
Moore, Lisa Jean. ""All in My Bag of Tricks": Turning a Trick with the Appropriate(d) Technology." In Appropriating Technology: Vernacular Science and Social Power. Edited by Ron Eglash, Jennifer Croissant, Giovanna Di Chiro, and Rayvon Fouché. University of Minnesota Press, 2004, pp. 51–62. ISBN: 9780816634279.
|19||Visit to D-Lab to learn about possible final project topics|
|20||What is the appropriateness of appropriate—or appropriated—technology?||
McArdle, Patricia. "Afghanistan's Last Locavores," New York Times. June 19, 2011.
DeLaet, Marianne, and Annemarie Mol. "The Zimbabwe Bush Pump: Mechanics of a Technology." Social Studies of Science 30, no. 2 (2000): 225–63.
Eglash, Ron. "Appropriating Technology: An Introduction." In Appropriating Technology: Vernacular Science and Social Power. Edited by Jennifer Croissant, Giovanna Di Chiro, and Rayvon Fouché. University of Minnesota Press, 2004, pp. xii–xxi. ISBN: 9780816634279.
|21||In-class time to plan final projects||Stephens, David. "Doing the Fieldwork." Chapter 5 in Qualitative Research in International Settings: A Practical Guide. Routledge, 2009, pp. 79–97. ISBN: 9780415280570.|
|22||Interviewing versus surveys: benefits and limitations|
|Part 3: Where do we go from here?|
|23||Culture in/of development||
Justice, Judith. "Sociocultural Information and Health Planning Process." Chapter 6 in Policies, Plans & People: Foreign Aid and Health Development. University of California Press, 1989, pp. 134–54. ISBN: 9780520067882.
Radcliffe, Sara, and Nina Laurie. "Culture and Development: Taking Culture Seriously in Development for Andean Indigenous People." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 24, no. 2 (2006): 231–48.
Mobile and digital technologies: new solutions and new challenges
Guest speaker: Mitali Thakor
Corbett, Sara. "Can the Cellphone Help End Global Poverty?" New York Times, April 13, 2008.
Banks, Ken, Sean Martin McDonald, et al. "Mobile Technology and the Last Mile: "Reluctant Innovation" and FrontlineSMS." Innovations 6, no. 1 (2011): 7–12.
Stone, Glenn Davis. "Contradictions in the Last Mile: Suicide, Culture, and E-Agriculture in Rural India." Science, Technology & Human Values 36, no. 6 (2011): 759–90.
Chipcase, Jan, and Panthea Lee. "Mobile Money: Afghanistan." Innovations 6, no. 2 (2011): 13–33.
Review: Revkin, Andrew C. "Innovation from the Bottom Up," New York Times, July 28, 2011.
|25||Participant-observation and ethical dilemmas in fieldwork, redux||
Delaney, Carol. "Participant Observation: The Razor's Edge." Dialectical Anthropology 13, no. 3 (1988): 291–300.
Bourgois, Philippe. "Confronting Anthropological Ethics: Ethnographic Lessons from Central America." Journal of Peace Research 27, no. 1 (1990): 43–54.
|26||Discussion / presentation of final projects|
|27||Presentation of final projects|
Suggested Readings for Final Projects
|D-Lab: Waste project organizing waste pickers in Nicaragua||
Samson, Melanie, ed. "Refusing to Be Cast Aside: Waste Pickers Organising Around the World." (PDF - 1.1MB) Women in Informal Employment, Globalizing and Organizing (2009).
Brito, Deia de. "God is My Alarm Clock: A Brazilian Waste Picker's Story." (PDF - 1.3MB) WIEGO Workers' Lives, no. 1 (2012).
|Malaria prevention in Tanzania||
Kamat, V. R. "Anthropology of Childhood Malaria in Tanzania." Chapter 1 in Anthropology in Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society. 2nd ed. Edited by Robert Hahn and Marcia Inhorn. Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 3–32. ISBN: 9780195374643.
Kamat, V. R., and D. Nyato. "Soft targets or partners in health? Retail pharmacies and their role in Tanzania's malaria control program." Social Science and Medicine 71, no. 3 (2010): 626–33.
Kamat, V. R. "Cultural interpretations of the efficacy and side effects of antimalarials in Tanzania." Anthropology and Medicine 16, no. 3 (2009): 293–305.
———. "Dying under the bird's shadow: Representations of degedege and child survival among the Zaramo of Tanzania." Medical Anthropology Quarterly 22, no. 1 (2008): 67–93.
———. "Reconsidering the allure of the culturally distant in therapy seeking: A case study from coastal Tanzania." Medical Anthropology 27, no. 2 (2008): 106–35.
———. "This is not our culture! Discourse of nostalgia and narratives of health concerns in post-socialist Tanzania." Africa 73, no. 3 (2008): 359–83.
———. ""I thought it was only ordinary fever!": Cultural knowledge and the micropolitics of childhood febrile illness in Tanzania." Social Science and Medicine 62, no. 12 (2006): 2945–59.
|Reduction of maternal mortality in Guatemala|| |
Berry, Nicole. Unsafe Motherhood: Mayan Maternal Mortality and Subjectivity in Post-War Guatemala. Berghahn Books, 2010. ISBN: 9781845457525.