Both undergraduate and graduate students should complete the below readings and choose supplementary readings that support their ongoing interests, whenever possible.

[PC] = Buy at Amazon Cheah, Pheng, and Bruce Robbins, eds. Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation. University of Minnesota Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780816630684. [Preview with Google Books]

1 Introduction (syllabus review, discussion of handouts / presentations)

Jones, Caroline A., and Steven Nelson. "Global Turns in US Art History." Perspective, no. 2 (2015).

Zernatto, Guido. "Nation: The History of a Word." Review of Politics 6, no. 3 (1944): 351–66.

2 Nation, Word, Nomad (units, maps, movable agents – history)

Herder, Johann Gottfried. "Materials for the Philosophy of the History of Mankind." (1784).

Renan, Ernst. "What is a Nation?" Bhabha (1882): 8–22.

Buy at Amazon Anderson, Benedict. "Census, Map, Museum." Chapter 10 in Imagined Communities. Verso Books, 1991, pp. 163–85. ISBN: 9780860913290.

Buy at Amazon Osserman, Robert. "Encompassing the Earth." In Olafur Eliasson: Surroundings Surrounded, Essays on Space and Science. Edited by Peter Weibel. MIT Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780262731485.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Žižek, Slavoj. "The Nation-Thing." In Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture. MIT Press, 1992, pp. 162–69. ISBN: 9780262740159. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Demos, T. J. "Charting a Course: Exile, Diaspora, Nomads, Refugees." In The Migrant Image: The Art and Politics of Documentary during Global Crisis. Duke University Press Books, 2013, pp. 1–20 and 256–61. ISBN: 9780822353263. [Preview with Google Books]

Balibar, Etienne. "The Nation Form: History and Ideology." Review (Fernand Braudel Center) 13, no. 3 (1990): 329–61.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Deleuze, Gilles. "Nomad Thought." In The New Nietzsche: Contemporary Styles of Interpretation. Edited by David B. Allison. MIT Press, 1985, pp. 142–9. ISBN: 9780262510349.

3 Paris (world pictures, materials, infrastructures – philosophy)

Buy at Amazon Heidegger, Martin. "The Age of the World Picture [1938]." In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays. Translated by William Lovitt. Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2013, pp. 115–54. ISBN: 9780062290700.

Buy at Amazon Koundoura, Maria. "Producing the Nation's Narrative." In The Greek Idea: The Formation of National and Transnational Identities. I. B. Tauris, 2012, pp. 79–105 and 167–77. ISBN: 9781848859722.

Buy at Amazon Greenhalgh, Paul. Read "Introduction." In Ephemeral Vistas: The Expositions Universelles, Great Exhibitions and World's Fairs, 1851–1939(Studies in Imperialism). Manchester University Press, 1991, pp. 82–111. ISBN: 9780719023002.

Buy at Amazon Braudel, Fernand. "Divisions of Space and Time in Europe." In The Perspective of the World: Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Vol. 3. Harper & Row, 1984, pp. 21–70. ISBN: 9780060153175.

Berger, Suzanne. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.The First Globalization: Lessons from the French (PDF) 2003.

Rivallain, Josette. "Les Expositions Universelles à Paris de 1855 à 1937." Action artistique de la ville de Paris 93 (2006): 368–69.

Buy at Amazon Perec, Georges. "Excerpt from Penser / Classer, Hachette, 1985." In Species of Spaces and Other Pieces. Edited and translated by John Sturrock. Penguin Classics 2008, pp. 184–201. ISBN: 9780141442242.

Jones, Caroline A. "Guerre and Guernica – Paroxysms of Nationalism." UNESCO 2008.

Jones, Caroline A. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Doubt Fear." Art Papers 29, no. 1 (2005): 24–35.

4 Venice (empire into nation, cosmopolite – political philosophy)

Buy at Amazon Augustine. "De Civitate Dei Libri (426 C. E.)." Chapters IV, IV, VII, X, and XIII in Augustine City of God. Translated and edited by Henry Bettenson and David Knowles. Penguin Books, 1972, pp. 11, 31, 6, 2, and 17. ISBN: 9780140400229.

Buy at Amazon Al-Farabi, Abu Nasr. "Introduction" and "Views of the Cities which are Ignorant of the True Good." Chapter 18 in On the Perfect State. Translated by Richard Walzer. Kazi Publications Incorporation, 1998, pp. 287–315 and 1–35. ISBN: 9781871031768. (plus (if desired), translator's introduction)

Buy at Amazon Kant, Immanuel. "Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose." In Kant: Political Writings. 2nd edition. Translated and edited by H. B. Nisbet and Hans Reiss. Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 41–53. ISBN: 9780521398374. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Redford, Bruce. Venice and the Grand Tour. Yale University Press, 1996, pp. 5–25. ISBN: 9780300069112.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Mercer, Kobena. "Introduction." In Cosmopolitan Modernisms. MIT Press, 2005, pp. 6–22. ISBN: 9780262633215. (Plus Notes)

Kleingeld, Pauline. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Six Varieties of Cosmopolitanism in Late Eighteenth-Century Germany." (PDF - 7.4MB) Journal of the History of Ideas 60 (1999): 505–24.

Buy at Amazon Muntadas, Antoni. "Conversation between Antoni Muntadas and Mark Wigley, New York." In Muntadas On Translation: I Giardini. Actar, 1899, pp. 269–320. ISBN: 9788472329522. (Spanish Pavilion, 51st Venice Biennale)

Buy at Amazon Jones, Caroline. "Biennial Culture: A Longer History." In The Biennial Reader. Edited by Marieke van Hal, Solveig Ovstebo, and Elena Filipovic. Hatje Cantz, 2010, pp. 66–87. ISBN: 9783775726108.

Buy at Amazon Toulmin, Stephen. Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity. The University of Chicago Press, 1992, pp. 203–9. ISBN: 9780226808383. [Preview with Google Books]

5 London (arts, manufactures, empire – anthropology)

Buy at Amazon Bentham, Jeremy. "Notably section XXV" and "Subsection XVII." In An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Jurisprudence. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015, pp. 30–31. ISBN: 9781508738732. (where the word "International" is coined and explicated).

Art Journal, special issue, The illustrated catalogue of the Great Exhibition of London, 1851.

Buy at Amazon Gloag, John. "Introduction," "Ralph Nicholson Wornum," and "The Exhibition as a Lesson in Taste." In The Crystal Palace Exhibition Illustrated Catalogue. Dover, 1970. ISBN: 9780486225036.

Buy at Amazon Auerbach, Jeffrey. The Great Exhibition of 1851: A Nation on Display. Yale University Press, 1999, pp. 159–87. ISBN: 9780300080070.

Buy at Amazon Dutta, Arindam. "The Department of Science and Art: The Aesthetic in the Age of Its Global Reproducibility." In The Bureaucracy of Beauty: Design in the Age of its Global Reproducibility. Routledge, 2006, pp. 1–38. ISBN: 9780415979191. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Mignolo, Walter D. "The Modern / Colonial World System." In Local Histories / Global Designs. Princeton University Press, 2000, pp. 1–45. ISBN: 9780691001401.

Buy at Amazon Anderson, Benedict. "Official Nationalism and Imperialism." In Imagined Communities. Verso Books, 1991, pp. 83–111. ISBN: 9780860913290.

Buy at Amazon Benedict, Burton. The Anthropology of World's Fairs: San Francisco's Panama Pacific Exposition of 1915. Scolar Press, 1983, pp. 27–60. ISBN: 9780859676779.

Buy at Amazon Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt. "Preface" and "Introduction." In Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection. Princeton University Press, 2004, pp. ix–xiv and 1–18.

Buy at Amazon Balakrishnan, Gopal, ed. "The National Imagination." In Mapping the Nation. Verso, 2012, pp. 198–213. ISBN: 9781844676507. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Papastergiadis, Nikos. "South-South-South, An Introduction." In Complex Entanglements: Art, Globalisation and Cultural Difference. Rivers Oram Press, 2004, pp. 1–17.

6 Weimar / Moscow (International Cold War – architecturology)

Buy at Amazon Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, and Philip Johnson. "Introduction." In International Style: Architecture Since 1922. W. W. Norton & Company, 1932.

Sayer, Derek. "The Unbearable Lightness of Building – A Cautionary Tale." Grey Room 16 (2004): 6–35.

Colomina, Beatriz. "Enclosed by Images: The Eameses' Multimedia Architecture." Grey Room, no. 2 (2001): 5–29.

Buy at Amazon Umbach, Maiken. "Heimat, Globalization, and the Built Environment" and "The Deutscher Werkbund, Globalization, and the Invention of Modern Vernaculars." In Vernacular Modernism: Heimat, Globalization, and the Built Environment. Stanford University Press, 2005, pp. 114–40. ISBN: 9780804753432. [Preview with Google Books]

Eames, Charles, and Ray. "A Communications Primer." Pyramid Media, 1980.


Jones, Caroline. "Tatlin's Babel" from UNESCO chapter.

Buy at Amazon Eulau, Heinz H. F. "The New Soviet Nationalism." In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science: (Adolescents in Wartime). America Academy of Politica, 1944, pp. 25–32.


Buy at Amazon Hoffman, Detleff. "The German Art Museum and the History of the Nation." In Museum Culture: Histories, Discourses, Spectacles. Edited by Daniel J. Sherman and Irit Rogoff. University of Minnesota Press, 1994, pp. 3–21. ISBN: 9780816619535.

Galison, Peter. "Aufbau / Bauhaus: Logical Positivism and Architectural Modernism." Critical Inquiry 16, no. 4 (1990): 709–52.

Paret, Peter. "The Artist as Staatsburger: Aspects of the Fine Arts and the Prussian State before and during the First World War." German Studies Review 6, no. 3 (1983): 421–37.

7 São Paulo / Brasilia / Africa (from Cold War to postcolonial nationalisms – anthropophagology)

De Andrade, Oswald. "Manifesto Antropófago (Cannibal Manifesto)." Revista de Antropofagia, May 1928.

Buy at Amazon Schwarz, Roberto. "The Cart, the Tram, and the Modernist Poet." In Misplaced Ideas: Essays on Brazilian Culture. Verso, 1992, pp. 108–25. ISBN: 9780860915768.

Buy at Amazon Canclini, Nestor Garcia. "Latin American Contradictions: Modernism without Modernization?" In Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity. University of Minnesota Press, 1995, pp. 41–65. ISBN: 9780816623150.

Jones, Caroline A. "Anthropophagy in São Paulo's Cold War." ArtMargins 2, no. 1 (2013): 3–36.

Buy at Amazon Mbembe, Achille. "The Aesthetics of Vulgarity." In On the Postcolony. University of Calfornia Press, 2001, pp. 102–41. ISBN: 9780520204355. [Preview with Google Books]

(Originally pubublished "Provisional Notes on the Postcolony." Africa 62, no. 1 (1992): 3–37.)

Buy at Amazon Chatterjee, Partha. "Whose Imagined Community?" In Mapping the Nation. Edited by Gopal Balakrishnan. Verso, 2012, pp. 214–25. ISBN: 9781844676507. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Asbury, Michael. "The Bienal de São Paulo: Between Nationalism and Internationalism." In Espaço Aberto/Espaço Fechado: Sites for Sculpture in Modern Brazil. Edited by Curtis & Feeke. Henry Moore Sculpture Trust, 2006, pp. 72–83. ISBN: 9781900081993.

Becquer, Marcos, and José Gatti. "Elements of Vogue." Third Text 5, no. 16–17 (1991): 65–81.

Buy at Amazon Giunta, Andrea. Avant-Garde, Internationalism, and Politics: Argentine Art in the Sixties. Translated by Peter Kahn. Duke University Press Books, 2007, pp. 189–241 and 344–63. ISBN: 9780822338772.

8 Osaka / Asia (orientalism and globalization – literary theory)

Buy at Amazon Appadurai, Arjun. "Here & Now" and "Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy." In Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. University of Minnesota Press, 1996, pp. 1–47. ISBN: 9780816627936. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Jameson, Frederic. "Notes on Globalization as a Philosophical Issue." In The Cultures of Globalization. Duke University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780822321699.

Kal, Hong. "Modeling the West, Returning to Asia: Shifting Politics of Representation in Japanese Colonial Expositions in Korea." Society for Comparative Study of Society and History 47, no. 3 (2005): 507–31.

Buy at Amazon Ching, Leo T. S. "Colonizing Taiwan." In Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation. University of California Press, 2001, pp. 211–17. ISBN: 9780520225534. [Preview with Google Books]

Gardner, William O. "The 1970 Osaka Expo and / as Science Fiction." (PDF) Review of Japanese Culture and Society 28 (2011): 26–43. (Yoshimoto, ed. Expo '70 and Japanese Art).

Isozaki Arata. "Recalling The Days of Expo Art, 2001." (2011): 72–80. Translated and edited by Machida Gen and Yoshimoto. (Expo '70 and Japanese Art).

Ching, Leo T. S. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Globalizing the Regional, Regional Icing the Global: Mass Culture and Asianism in the Age of Late Capital." (PDF) Appadurai, Globalization (2002): 279–306.

Inaga, Shigemi. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Additional Recommendations for a Dialogue Between Civilizations United Nations University." (PDF) International Conference on the Dialogue of Civilizations (2001).

Clark, John. "A Spectacle of Questions." Asian Art News (2006): 69–72.

Buy at Amazon Rose, Barbara, Billy Klüver, et al. "Art as Experience, Environment, Process." In Pavilion: Experiments in Art and Technology. Dutton, 1972, pp. 60–104.

Anon. "The U.S. at Osaka." Architectural Forum, October 1968.

Villecco, Marguerite. "The Infinitely Expandable Future of Air Structures." Architectural Forum, 1970.

Osaka Expo'70 website, 1970.

9 Documenta / Manifesta (cosmopolitanism, take 2 – transnationalism)

[PC] Balibar, Etienne. "The Borders of Europe." pp. 216–32.

[PC] Chakravorty Spivak, Gayatri. "Cultural Talks in the Hot Peace: Revisiting the 'Global Village'." pp. 329–50.

[PC] Appiah, Kwame Anthony. "Cosmopolitan Patriots." pp. 91–116.

[PC] Wilson, Rob. "A New Cosmopolitanism Is in the Air: Some Dialectical Twists and Turns." pp. 351–61.

[PC] Clifford, James. "Mixed Feelings." pp. 362–70.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Bohman, James, and Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, eds. "Kant and Cosmopolitanism" and "Kant's Idea of Perpetual Peace, with the Benefit of Two Hundred Years' Hindsight." In Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant's Cosmopolitan Ideal. MIT Press, 1997, pp. 25–57 and 113–53. ISBN: 9780262522359. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Koundoura, Maria. "Speaking in Tongues: The Grammar of Transnational Capital and the Experience of Language." In Transnational Culture, Transnational Identity: The Politics and Ethics of Global Culture Exchange (International Library of Cultural Studies). I. B. Tauris, 2012, pp. 53–73 and 163–68. ISBN: 9781848857636.

Enwezor, Okwui., ed. Documenta 11, Platform 5, The Exhibition (Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2002)

———. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Black Box." (PDF - 1.1MB) 42–55.

Carlos. "The Encyclopedia of Babel." 56–62.

Buy at Amazon Vanderlinden, Barbara, and Elena Filipovic, eds. The Manifesta Decade: Debates on Contemporary Art Exhibitions and Biennials in Post-Wall Europe. MIT Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780262220767.

Hanru, Hou. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Towards a New Locality: Biennials and "Global Art."" (PDF) pp. 57–62.

Filipovic, Elena. "The Global White Cube." Politics of Display, no. 22, pp. 63–84.

Zenakos, Augustine. "Manifesta no More." Artnet Magazine, June 2006.

10 Joahnnesburg / UAE (cities, branding, globalization theory – sociology)

Sassen, Saskia. "Spatialities and Temporalities of the Global: Elements for a Theorization." Public Culture 12, no. 1 (2000): 215–32.

Buy at Amazon Levitt, Peggy. "Arabia and the East: How Singapore and Doha Display the Nation and the World." In Artifacts and Allegiances: How Museums Put the Nation and the World on Display. University of California Press, 2015, pp. 91–132. ISBN: 9780520286078. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Boullata, Kamal. "A Place to Go." In Belonging and Globalisation: Critical Essays in Contemporary Art and Culture. Saqi Books, 2008, pp. 137–46. ISBN: 9780863566660.

Buy at Amazon Till, Christopher, and Lorna Ferguson. "Forward" and "Reflections on the Question: Why a Johannesburg Biennale?" In Africus: Johannesburg Biennale, 28 February-30 April 1995. Greater Johannesburg Transitional Metropolitan Council, 1995, pp. 7–11. ISBN: 9780869981719.

Buy at Amazon Enwezor, Okwui. "Preface and Introduction." In Trade Routes: History and Geography: 2nd Johannesburg Biennale. Thorold's Africana Books, 1997, pp. 7–12. ISBN: 9780620215220.

Buy at Amazon Oguibe, Olu. "Nationalism, Modernity, Modernism." In The Culture Game. University of Minnesota Press, 2004, pp. 47–59 and 180–82. ISBN: 9780816641314. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Sardar, Ziauddin, Rasheed Araeen, and Sean Cubitt. Originally published as "Reverse Appropriation as Nationalism in Modern African Art." In The Third Text Reader on Art, Culture and Theory. Continuum International Publishing Group, Limited, 2002. ISBN: 9780826458513.

Buy at Amazon Gielen, Pascal. "The Biennial: A Post-Institution for Immaterial Labour." In Open 16: The Art Biennial as a Global Phenomenon. nai010 publishers, 2009, pp. 8–17. ISBN: 9789056626679.

Buy at Amazon Rogoff, Irit. "Geo-Cultures: Circuits of Art and Globalizations." In Open 16: The Art Biennial as a Global Phenomenon. nai010 publishers, 2009, pp. 106–15. ISBN: 9789056626679.

Buy at Amazon Thomas, Boutoux. "A Tale of Two Cities: Manifesta in Rotterdam and Ljubljana." In The Manifesta Decade. Debates on Contemporary Art Exhibitions and Biennials in Post-Wall Europe. Edited by Barbara Vanderlinden and Elena Filipovic. MIT Press, 2006, pp. 201–18. ISBN: 9780262220767.

Brett, Guy. "Venice, Paris, Kassel, São Paulo and Habana." Third Text 6 no. 20 (1992): 13–22.

Schober, Felix. "China's Spectacular Emersion Versus the Spectres of Bureaucracy Looming in Taiwan, The Singaporean Art of Deconstructing National Symbols, Wordless Dialogue from Hong Kong or Greater China at the 2005 Venice Biennale." Yishu: Journal of Contemporary Chinese Art 4, no. 3 (2005): 18–35.

Buy at Amazon Jacobs, Jane M. "Tradition is (Not) Modern: Deterritorializing Globalization." In The End of Tradition? Edited by Nezar Al Sayyad. Routledge, 2004, pp. 29–44.

Buy at Amazon Enwezor, Okwui. Trade Routes: History and Geography: 2nd Johannesburg Biennale. Thorold's Africana Books, 1997. ISBN: 9780620215220.

Richmond, Anthony H. "Ethnic Nationalism and Post-Industrialization." Hutchinson & Smith (1994): 167–82.

11 Seminar research / presentation workshops No readings assigned
12 Seminar research / presentation workshops (cont.) No readings assigned