1 Introduction, syllabus review, assignment of presentations

Constitution of the Iroquois Nations c. 1400-1600.

"Landscape, n." and "Landscape, v." Oxford English Dictionary OED Online. Oxford University Press.

Before class meeting, please consult these items:

Wikipedia Contributors. "Mayflower Compact." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

Buy at Amazon Jefferson, Thomas. “Query VI, A Notice of the Mines and Other Subterraneous Riches; Its Trees, Plants, Fruits, &c.,” In Thomas Jefferson: Writings. Library of America, 1984, pp. 150–162. ISBN: 9780940450165.

Buy at Amazon Matilsky, Barbara C. "Mel Chin: Revival Field." In Fragile Ecologies: Contemporary Artists' Interpretations and Solutions. Rizzoli International Publications, 1992, pp. 108–111. ISBN: 9780847815920.

2 Out to Work: Landscape-Labor-Commodity

Thoreau, Henry David. "Economy." In Walden. The Project Gutenberg Ebook. (Read from "We don garment after garment... " to end of chapter.)

Buy at Amazon Marx, Leo. "Two Kingdoms of Force." In The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780195133516. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Kohler, Robert E. "A New Natural History." In Landscapes and Labscapes. University of Chicago Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780226450100. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Smith, Kimberly K. “A Land Cursed by Injustice.” In African American Environmental Thought: Foundations. University of Kansas, 2007. ISBN: 9780700615162.


Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Nature." 1836. Ralph Waldo Emerson Texts.

Poe, Edgar Allen. "Domain of Arnheim." 1942. The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore.

———. "Landor's Cottage." 1849. The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore.

Marx, Karl. Chapters 7 and 16. In Capital, Volume 1. 1867.

Buy at Amazon Semonin, Paul. “‘Monarch of the Wilderness’.” In American Monster: How the Nation’s First Prehistoric Creature became a Symbol of National Unity. New York University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780814781203. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Griffin, Patrick. "American Leviathan: The Covenant for Commonwealth." In American Leviathan: Empire, Nation, and Revolutionary Frontier. Reprint edition. Hill and Wang, 2008. ISBN: 9780809024919.

3 MIT holiday, no formal class meeting
  1. Complete readings from field trip bibliography
  2. Prepare Lavine Lecture contributions

Minimalism, Monument, Money, Mortgage

Workshop on field trip readings; run-through of Lavine lecture presentations
5 What is/is not a landscape?

Buy at Amazon Heidegger, Martin. "Creative Landscape: Why Do We Stay in the Provinces?" In The Weimar Republic Sourcebook. Revised edition. University of California Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780520067752. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Cronon, William. "Preface" and “Seasons of Want and Plenty.” In Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and dthe Ecology of New England. Revised edition. Hill and Wang, 2003. ISBN: 9780809016341. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Cosgrove, Daniel and Stephen Daniels, eds. "Introduction: Iconography and Landscape." In The Iconography of Landscape: Essays on the Symbolic Representation, Design, and Use of Past Environments. Revised edition. Cambridge University Press, 1989. ISBN: 9780521389150. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon DeLue, Rachael Z. and James Eklins, eds. "The Art Seminar" and "The 'Actual Landscape,' or Actual Landscapes?" In Landscape Theory. Routledge, 2007. ISBN: 9780415960540.

Buy at Amazon David, Bruno and Julian Thomas eds. "Topographies of Value: Ethical Issues in Landscape Archaeology" and "Contested Landscapes—Rights to History, Rights to Place: Who Controles Archaeological Places?" In Handbook of Landscape Archaeology. Routledge, 2010. ISBN: 9781598746167.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Stilgoe, John R. "Preface" and "Introduction." In What is Landscape? The MIT Press, 2015. ISBN: 9780262029896. [Preview with Google Books]


Buy at Amazon Cronon, William. "The View from Walden.” In Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and dthe Ecology of New England. Revised edition. Hill and Wang, 2003. ISBN: 9780809016341. [Preview with Google Books]


"Preserving" "Natural" "Culture"

Guest visit: Mark Jarzombek

Buy at Amazon Catlin, George. "Letters No. 2, 3, 4: Mouth of Yellow Stone." In Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of North American Indians. Nabu Press, 2010. ISBN: 9781174010590. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Olmsted, Frederick Law. The Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees: A Preliminary Report, 1865. Yosemite Conservancy, 1995. ISBN: 9780939666690.

Muir, John. "Yosemite Glaciers." 1871. Sierra Club.

Buy at Amazon ———. "Snow Banners." In The Yosemite. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014. ISBN: 9781502702906.

Buy at Amazon Nash, Roderick F. American Environmentalism: Readings In Conservation History. 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 1989. ISBN: 9780070460591.

Read the following selections:

  • Black Elk, “Native Americans Define the Natural Community” (1931)
  • Gilford Pinchot, “The Birth of ‘Conservation’” (1910)
  • W.J. McGee, “The Conservation Mentality” (1910)
  • Theodore Roosevelt, “Publicizing Conservation at the White House” (1908)
  • Robert Underwood Johnson, “Aesthetics and Conservation” (1910)
  • John Muir, “A Voice for Wilderness” (1901)

Buy at Amazon Klesert, Anthony and Alan Downer, eds. Preservation on the Reservation Native Americans, Native American Lands and Archaeology. Navajo Nation, 1990.


  • "Introduction"
  • "Tribal Sovereignty over Archaeology"
  • "Enhancing Tribal Roles"
  • "Tribal Sovereignty and Historic Preservation"

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Dowie, Mark. "Miwok." In Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples. The MIT Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780262516006. [Preview with Google Books]

Vankin, Deborah. "Obama designates Nevada area surrounding Heizer's 'City' a national monument." Los Angeles Times. July 10, 2015.

7 Urban Counterparts? Part 1

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Lynch, Kevin. "The Image of the Environment." In The Image of the City. The MIT Press, 1960. ISBN: 9780262620017. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Jacobs, Jane. "The Kind of Problem a City Is." In The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Reissue edition. Vintage, 1992. ISBN: 9780679741954.

O’Doherty, Brian. “Art: [Kaprow’s] ‘Environment: Words’ Exploits Law of Chance.” New York Times. September 15, 1962.

Buy at Amazon McHarg, Ian L. "The Place of Nature in the City of Man" and "Ecological Determinism." In The Essential Ian McHarg: Writings on Design and Nature. Edited by Frederick R. Steiner. New edition edition. Island Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781597261173. [Preview with Google Books]

Wagstaff, Samuel. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Talking to Tony Smith." Artforum 5:4 (December 1966): 14–19.

Buy at Amazon Kepes, Gyorgy. "The Artist's Role in Environmental Self-Regulation" and "The City as an Artwork." In Arts of the Environment. George Braziller, 1972. ISBN: 9780807606209.

Goldring, Elizabeth. "'Desert Sun/Desert Moon' and the SKY ART Manifesto." Leonardo 20, no. 4 (1987): 339–48.

Buy at Amazon Baum, Kelly. "On the Road." In New Jersey as a Non-Site. Princeton University Art Museum, 2013. ISBN: 9780300174373.


McLuhan, Marshall. “Art as Anti-­Environment.” Art New Annual 16 (1966): 54–57.

Deutsche, Rosalyn. "Uneven Development: Public Art in New York City." October 47 (1988): 3–52.

Buy at Amazon Kepes, Gyorgy. "Art and Ecological Consciousness." In Arts of the Environment. George Braziller, 1972. ISBN: 9780807606209.

8 Landscape Perception

Buy at Amazon Merleau-Ponty, Maurice and Patricia Allen Dreyfus. "Cézanne's Doubt." In Sense and Non-Sense. Northwestern University Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780810101661. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Appleton, Jay. "The Imagery and Symbolism of the Prospect." In Experience of Landscape. John Wiley & Sons, 1975. ISBN: 9780471032564.

Buy at Amazon Koerner, Joseph Leo. "Part 1: Romanticizing the World." In Caspar David Friedrich and the Subject of Landscape. 2nd edition. Reaktion Books, 2009. ISBN: 9781861894397. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Ketner, Joseph D. “The Best Landscape Painter in the West.” In The Emergence of the African-American Artist: Robert S. Duncanson, 1821-1872. University of Missouri Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780826208804. [Preview with Google Books]

Barrett, Ross. “Bursting the Bubble: John Quidor’s Money Diggers and Land Speculation.” American Art 30:1 (Spring 2016): 28–51.


Buy at Amazon De Bolla, Peter. The Education of the Eye: Painting, Landscape, and Architecture in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Stanford University Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780804748001. [Preview with Google Books]

Read the following selections:

  • "Introduction: The Education of the Eye"
  • "The Leasowes and Hagley Park: A School for Taste"
  • "The Sentimental Look"

Buy at Amazon Wallach, Alan. "The Battle over 'The West as America.'" In Exhibiting Contradiction: Essays on Art Museum in the United States. University of Massachusetts Press, 1998. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Hemingway, Andrew and Alan Wallach, eds. "Thomas Cole and Transatlantic Romanticism." In Transatlantic Romanticism: British and American Art Literature, 1790-1860. University of Massaschusetts Press, 2015. ISBN: 9781625341143.

9 Urban Counterpoints? Part 2

Buy at Amazon Odum, Eugene. "Introduction: The Scope of Ecology" and "Applications: Natural Resources." In Fundamentals of Ecology. 3rd edition. W.B. Saunders Company, 1971. ISBN: 9780721669410.

Buy at Amazon Zukin, Sharon. "The Urban Landscape." In Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World. University of California Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780520072213. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Carson, Rachel. "A Fable for Tomorrow." In Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin Co., 1962. ISBN: 9780395075067.[Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Waldheim, Charles. "Terra Fluxus" and "Landscape as Urbanism." In The Landscape Urbanism Reader. Princeton Architectural Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781568984391. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Spirn, Anne W. "Prologue." In The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design. Basic Books, 1985. ISBN: 9780465027064.

———. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."The Poetics of City and Nature: Towards a New Aesthetic for Urban Design." (PDF - 5.9MB) Landscape Journal 7, No. 2, (Fall 1988): 108–126.

Buy at Amazon ———. "Polemical Landscapes." The Language of Landscape. Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780300082944.

———. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Ecological Urbanism: A Framework for the Design of Resilient Cities." (PDF)


Buy at Amazon Lefebvre, Henri. "The Worldwide and the Planetary." In State, Space, World: Selected Essays. Edited by Stuart Elden and Neil Brenner. Translated by Gerald Moore. University of Minnesota Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780816653171. [Preview with Google Books]

Brenner, Neil and Christian Schmid. "Towards a New Epistemology of the Urban?" City 19.2‐3 (2015): 151–82.

Galison, Peter. "Remember Us: Memorializing Nuclear Waste." TEDx Hunter College Campus Schools, 2011. YouTube.


Holiday, no regular class meeting

Class will meet at List Visual Arts Center for the Lavine Lecture

Prior to Lavine Lecture by James Nisbet, please read:

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Nisbet, James. "Planetary Visions: Land Art, Minimalism, and the Whole Earth." In Ecologies, Environments, and Energy Systems in Art of the 1960s and 1970s. The MIT Press, 2014. ISBN: 9780262026703.

11 Politics of Nature

Buy at Amazon Zelko, Frank and Carolin Brinkmann. "The Early Years of the Green Politics Movement in the United States." In Green Parties: Reflections on the First Three Decades. Heinrich Boll Foundation, 2006.

Buy at Amazon Mitchell, W. J. T. "Introduction" and "Imperial Landscape." In Landscape and Power. 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780226532059. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Latour, Bruno. "Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature." In Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy. Translated by Catherine Porter. Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780674013476. [Preview with Google Books]

Haraway, Donna. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.“Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin.” (PDF) Environmental Humanities, vol. 6 (2015): 159–165.

Buy at Amazon Klein, Naomi. "Love Will Save this Place: Democracy, Divestment, and the Wins So Far." In This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate. Reprint edition. Simon & Schuster, 2015. ISBN: 9781451697391. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Scott, Emily Eliza and Kristen J. Swenson, eds. "Introduction: Contemporary Art and the Politics of Land Use." In Critical Landscapes: Art, Space, Politics. Univeristy of California Press, 2015. ISBN: 9780520285491. [Preview with Google Books]

Steffen, Will, Reinhold Leinfelder, et al. "Stratigraphic and Earth System Approaches to Defining the Anthropocene." Earth's Future, 4: 324–345.


Buy at Amazon Grosz, Elizabeth. "Sensation. The Earth, A People, Art." In Chaos, Territory, Art: Deleuze and the Framing of the Earth. Columbia University Press, 2008. ISBN: 97-0231145183. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Klein, Naomi. "You and What Army? Indigenous Rights and the Power of Keeping our Word." In This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate. Reprint edition. Simon & Schuster, 2015. ISBN: 9781451697391. [Preview with Google Books]

Buy at Amazon Graham, James, Caitlin Blanchfield, et al., eds. "The Universals and Particulars of Climate." In Climates: Architecture and the Planetary Imaginary. Lars Müller, 2016. ISBN: 9783037784945.

12 Final Research Paper presentations No assigned readings
13 Final Studio Project presentations No assigned readings