Required Books

Buy at Amazon Rivera, Raquel Z., Wayne Marshall, and Deborah Pacini-Hernandez. Reggaeton. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780822343837.

Buy at Amazon Sterling, Marvin D. Babylon East: Performing Dancehall, Roots Reggae, and Rastafari in Japan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780822347224.

2 Buy at Amazon Bilby, Kenneth. "Jamaica." In Manuel, Peter. Caribbean Currents: Caribbean Music from Rumba to Reggae. 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1995, pp. 143-182. ISBN: 9781566393393.
3 Buy at Amazon Veal, Michael. Introduction and Chapter 1 in Dub: Soundscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2007, pp. 1-44. ISBN: 9780819565723.
4 Buy at Amazon Thomas, Deborah. "Modern Blackness; or, Theoretical 'Tripping' on Black Vernacular Culture." In Modern Blackness: Nationalism, Globalization, and the Politics of Culture in Jamaica. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004, pp. 230-262. ISBN: 9780822334194.

Chude-Sokei, Louis. "Post-Nationalist Geographies: Rasta, Ragga, and Reinventing Africa." African Arts 27 (Autumn 1994): 80-84 and 96.

Patterson, Orlando. "Ecumenical America: Global Culture and the American Cosmos." World Policy Journal 11 (Summer 1994): 103-117.

United Kingdom
6 Buy at Amazon Jones, Simon. Chapters 2-4 and Conclusion in Black Culture, White Youth: The Reggae Tradition from JA to UK. London, England: Macmillan, 1988. ISBN: 9780333452554.

Buy at Amazon Gilroy, Paul. "Between the Blues and the Blues Dance: Some Soundscapes of the Black Atlantic." In Bull, Michael, and Les Back. The Auditory Culture Reader. New York, NY: Berg Publishers, 2004, pp. 381-395. ISBN: 9781859736180.

Buy at Amazon Sharma, Sanjay. "Noisy Asians or 'Asian' Noise?" In Dis-Orienting Rhythms: The Politics of the New Asian Dance Music. London, England: Zed Books, 1996, pp. 32-60. ISBN: 9781856494700.

Quinn, Steven. "Rumble In The Jungle: The Invisible History of Drum'n'Bass." Transformations 3 (June 2002): 1-12. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Liner notes. Watch How The People Dancing - Unity Sounds From The London Dancehall, 1986-1989. Honest Jon's Records, 2002.

United States

Buy at Amazon Kenner, Rob. "Dancehall." In Light, Alan. The Vibe History of Hip Hop. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press, 1999, pp. 350-357. ISBN: 9780859652902.

Marshall, Wayne. "Follow Me Now: The Zigzagging Zunguzung Meme." Wayne and Wax, May 10, 2007.

———. "Hearing Hip-Hop's Jamaican Accent." Institute for Studies in American Music Newsletter 34 (2005): 8-9, and 14-15.


Stephens, Michelle A. "Babylon's 'Natural Mystic': The North American Music Industry, the Legend of Bob Marley, and the Incorporation of Transnationalism." Cultural Studies 12 (1998): 139–167.

Koppel, Niko. "New Roots in the Bronx for a Lion of Reggae." New York Times, April 12, 2009.

Faraone, Chris. "Reggae Revival." Boston Phoenix, May 21, 2009.

Costa Rica
10 Putnam, Lara. "'The Weekly Reggee': The Greater Caribbean Jazz Age and Youth Dances in Limón, Costa Rica, 1930-1932." Unpublished/forthcoming.

Twickel, Christoph. "Reggae in Panama: Bien Tough," and "Muévelo (Move It!): From Panama to New York and Back Again, the Story of El General." Reggaeton, pp. 81-88, 99-108.

Nwankwo, Ifeoma C. K. "The Panamanian Origins of Reggae en Español: Seeing History through 'Los Ojos Café' of Renato." Reggaeton, pp. 89-98.

Puerto Rico

Buy at Amazon Giovannetti, Jorge L. "Popular Music and Culture in Puerto Rico: Jamaican and Rap Music as Cross-Cultural Symbols." In Aparicio, Frances R., and Cándida F. Jáquez. Musical Migrations: Transnationalism and Cultural Hybridity in the Americas. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2002, pp. 81-98. ISBN: 9781403960016.

Flores, Juan. "Creolité in the 'Hood: Diaspora as Source and Challenge." Centro 16 (Fall 2004): 283-289. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

13 Marshall, Wayne. "From Música Negra to Reggaeton Latino: The Cultural Politics of Nation, Migration, and Commercialization." Reggaeton, pp. 19-76.

Davis, Samuel Furé. "Reggae in Cuba and the Hispanic Caribbean: Fluctuations and Representations of Identities." Black Music Research Journal 29 (Spring 2009): 25-50.

Hansing, Katrin. "Rasta, Race and Revolution: Transnational Connections in Socialist Cuba." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 27 (2001): 733–747.


Baker, Geoffrey. "The Politics of Dancing: Reggaetón and Rap in Havana, Cuba." Reggaeton, pp. 165-199.

Fairley, Jan. "How To Make Love With Your Clothes On: Dancing Regeton, Gender and Sexuality in Cuba." Reggaeton, pp. 280-296.


Béhague, Gerard. "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985-95)." Latin American Music Review 27 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.

de Araújo Pinho, Osmundo. "'Fogo na Babilônia': Reggae, Black Counterculture, and Globalization in Brazil."
dos Santos Godi, Antonio J. V. "Reggae and Samba-Reggae in Bahia: A Case of Long-Distance Belonging."
Buy at Amazon Perrone, Charles A., and Christopher Dunn. Brazilian Popular Music and Globalization. New York, NY: Routledge, 2001, pp. 192-219. ISBN: 9780415936958.


Buy at Amazon Neate, Patrick, and Damian Platt. Chapters 3-4 and 7-8 in Culture Is Our Weapon: Afroreggae in the Favelas of Rio. New York, NY: Penguin, 2006. ISBN: 9781899365692.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Goodman, Steve. Chapter 31 in Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009, pp. 171-175. ISBN: 9780262013475.


Cumming, Andy. "Who Let the Yobs Out?" Stylus, November 21, 2005.

Davis, Mike. "Planet of Slums." New Left Review 26 (March-April 2004).

West, East, and Southern Africa
18 Savishinsky, Neil J. "Rastafari in the Promised Land: The Spread of a Jamaican Socioreligious Movement Among the Youth of West Africa." African Studies Review 37 (December 1994): 19-50.

Buy at Amazon Akindes, Simon. "Playing It 'Loud and Straight': Reggae, Zouglou, Mapouka, and Youth Insubordination in Côte d'Ivoire." In Palmberg, Mai, and Annemette Kirkegaard. Playing with Identities in Contemporary Music in Africa. Nordic Africa Institute, 2002, pp. 86-103. ISBN: 9789171064967.

Buy at Amazon McNee, Lisa. "Back From Babylon: Popular Musical Cultures of the Diaspora, Youth Culture and Identity in Francophone West Africa." In Young, Richard. Music, Popular Culture, Identities. Amsterdam, Holland: Rodopi, 2002, pp. 213-228. ISBN: 9789042012493.


Remes, Pieter. "Global Popular Musics and Changing Awareness of Urban Tanzanian Youth." Yearbook for Traditional Music 31 (1999): 1-26.

Gilman, Lisa, and John Fenn. "Dance, Gender, and Popular Music in Malawi: The Case of Rap and Ragga." Popular Music 25 (2006): 369-381.

21 Babylon East, Introduction, Chapters 1, 3, 5, and 6.

Dreisinger, Baz. "Tokyo After Dark." Vibe, August 2002. [View on Google Books]

Wood, Joe. "The Yellow Negro." Transition 73 (1997): 40-67.

Australia and Bali
23 Buy at Amazon Baulch, Emma. "Reggae Borderzones, Reggae Graveyards." Chapter 3 in Making Scenes: Reggae, Punk, and Death Metal in 1990s Bali. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007, pp. 73-90. ISBN: 9780822341154.

Buy at Amazon Maxwell, Ian. "Sydney Stylee: Hip-Hop Down Under Comin' Up." In Mitchell, Tony. Global Noise: Rap and Hip-Hop Outside the USA. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2002, pp. 259-279. ISBN: 9780819565020.

White, Cameron. "Rapper on a Rampage: Theorising the Political Significance of Aboriginal Australian Hip Hop and Reggae." Transforming Cultures eJournal 4 (April 2009): 108-130.