The readings below represent the required readings for each week. Please see Further Reading for a list of additional readings.
|1||Ideas of Nature and City Design and Development||
Williams, Raymond. "Ideas of Nature." In Problems in Materialism and Culture. Verso, 1985, pp. 67–85. ISBN: 9780860917298.
Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Ecological Urbanism." In Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design: Linking Theory and Practice for Sustainable Cities. Edited by M. L. Cadenasso Pickett, and Brian McGrath. Springer, 2013. ISBN: 9789400753433. [Preview with Google Books]
|2||Urban Nature and City Design: Practice, Theory, and Tradition I||
Spirn, Anne Whiston. The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design. Basic Books, 1984. ISBN: 9780465026999.
|3||Urban Nature and City Design: "The Power of Example"||
Flyvbjerg, Bent. "The Power of Example." In Making Social Science Matter: Why Social Inquiry Fails and How it Can Succeed Again. Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780521775687.
In addition, select one of the following two sets of readings:
Hise, Greg, and William Deverell. Eden By Design: The 1930 Olmsted-Bartholomew Plan for the Los Angeles Region. University of California, 2000. ISBN: 9780520224155. [Preview with Google Books]
Philadelphia: Philadelphia Water Department. (PDF - 4.49MB) Long-term Combined Sewer Overflow Program: Program Summary.
Madden, Sarah. Choosing Green Over Gray: Philadelphia's Innovative Stormwater Infrastructure Plan. MIT MCP Thesis, 2010.
|4||Urban Nature and City Design: Practice, Theory, and Tradition II||
Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Restoring Mill Creek: Landscape Literacy, Environmental History, and City Planning and Design." In Nature's Entrepot: Philadelphia's Urban Sphere and Its Environmental Thresholds. Edited by Brian Black, and Michael Chiarappa. University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. ISBN: 9780822944171.
———. The Mill Creek Project.
———. The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan: A Framework for Action. The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan, 1991.
West Philadelphia Landscape Project website.
|5||Introduction to Library Resources and Image Copyright Issues||No Readings|
|6||Earth and Water||Select one of the two sets of readings below.
Robinson, G. D., and A. M. Spieker. Nature to be Commanded...Earth-Science Maps Applied to Land and Water Management Occasional Paper 950. USGS, 1978.
McPhee, John. "Los Angeles against the Mountains." In The Control of Nature. Farrar Straus Giroux, 1989. ISBN: 9780374128906.
Dunne, Thomas, and Luna Leopold. Water in Environmental Planning. W. H. Freeman & Company Limited, 1978. ISBN: 9780716700791.
Tree People ("Rainwater as a Resource." in particular).
|7||Air and the Urban Biome||Select one of the two sets of readings below.
Arnfield, A. John. "Two Decades of Urban Climate Research: A Review of Turbulence, Exchanges of Energy and Water, and the Urban Heat Island." International Journal of Climatology 23, no. 1 (2003): 1–26.
Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Better Air Quality at Street Level: Strategies for Urban Design." (PDF - 3.06MB) 1986.
Pickett, S. T. A., and M. L. Cadenasso. "Linking Ecological and Built Components of Urban Mosaics: An Open Cycle of Ecological Design." Journal of Ecology 96, no. 1 (2008): 8–12.
Felson, Alexander, and Steward Pickett. "Designed Experiments: New Approaches to Studying Urban Ecosystems." Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 3, no. 10 (2005): 549–56.
Pickett, S. T. A., M. L. Cadenasso, et al. "Resilient Cities: Meaning, Models and Metaphor for Integrating the Ecological, Socio-economic, and Planning Realms." Landscape and Urban Planning 69, no. 4 (2004): 369–84.
|8||Presentations and Discussion|
|9||Presentations and Discussion (cont.)|
|10||Web Authoring Workshop|
|11||Presentations and Discussion|
|12||Presentations and Discussion (cont.)|
|13||Reflections: Lessons for Cities||
Schön, Donald. The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Basic Books, 1983.