The following readings are required.

Spirn, Anne Whiston. The Language of Landscape. Yale University Press Publishing, 1998. ISBN: 0300082940. (Especially sections on Mill Creek: pp. 10-11, 70-74, 91-93, 160-163, 183-188, 210-215, 267-272.)

———. The West Philadelphia Landscape Plan: A Framework for Action. Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, 1991.

West Philadelphia Landscape Project Web site.